WILAYAT-E-TAKWEENI

[Below write up is taken from a Blog with the necessary permissions from the writer]

 [Note that the Belief in Wilayat-e-Takweeni of AhleBait (as) is different from the belief in “Tafweez”. Wilayat-e-Takweeni does not mean that Allah (swt) has handed over the affairs of the universe to AhleBait (as) and has himself become away from the affairs of the universe. ]

Allah (swt) is not just the Creator... Allah (swt) is the “ Best Creator –أَحْسَنَ الْخَالِقِينَ as per not 1 but 2 verses of the Holy Quran in whi. Allah (Swt) has been addressed as أَحْسَنَ الْخَالِقِينَ

 أَتَدْعُونَ بَعْلًا وَتَذَرُونَ أَحْسَنَ الْخَالِقِينَ

"Will ye call upon Baal and forsake the Best of Creators. [37:125]

  فَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ

So blessed be Allah, the best of Creators! [23:14]

 

Similarly Allah (swt) is not just the Sustainer (Raziq).... Allah (swt) is the 'Best Sustainer- خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ'  as noted in various verses of the Holy Quran:

 وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَهُوَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ

Truly Allah is He Who bestows the best provision. [22:58]

 وَهُوَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ

He is the Best of those who give sustenance. [23:72 & 34:39]

 وَارْزُقْنَا وَأَنْتَ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ

And provide for our sustenance, for thou art the best Sustainer. [5:114]

 

It is on this basis that Allah (swt) says to Prophet Isa (as):

 إِذْ تَخْلُقُ مِنَ الطِّينِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ بِإِذْنِي فَتَنْفُخُ فِيهَا فَتَكُونُ طَيْرًا بِإِذْنِي وَتُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَالْأَبْرَصَ بِإِذْنِي وَإِذْ تُخْرِجُ الْمَوْتَىٰ بِإِذْنِي

And behold! Thou makes out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and thou breathes into it and it becomes a bird by My leave, and thou heals those born blind, and the lepers, by My leave. And behold! Thou bring forth the dead by my leave. [5:110]

 In the above ayah Allah (swt) used the word “ تَخْلُقُ - You Created” for Prophet Isa (as). But as is obvious it is with the Will and Permission of Allah (swt).

 Same is the case of the angel of death taking the souls. See verses of the Holy Quran below:

 اللَّهُ يَتَوَفَّى الْأَنْفُسَ حِينَ مَوْتِهَا

It is Allah that takes the souls (of men) at death. [39:42]

 قُلْ يَتَوَفَّاكُمْ مَلَكُ الْمَوْتِ الَّذِي وُكِّلَ بِكُمْ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ تُرْجَعُونَ

Say: "The Angel of Death, put in charge of you, will (duly) take your souls: then shall ye be brought back to your Lord. [32:11]

So we see that in one verse Allah (swt) says that he is taking the souls of men and at some places Allah (swt) says that the angel of death takes the souls of men. This is not a contradiction in the Holy Quran. This indicates that since the angel of death is appointed by Allah (swt) hence the act of taking the souls which is actually done by the angel of death is referred to be an act done by Allah (swt).

And this is not the understanding of a fallible but the statement of a Masoom Imam (as).

 An apostate raised question on the authenticity of the Holy Quran saying the there are contradictions in the Holy Quran because in one verse Allah (swt) says that he is taking the souls of men and at some places Allah (swt) says that the angel of death takes the souls of men.

In reply to this question from the apostate Imam Ali (as) ibn Abi Talib (as) replied saying:

 “Allah (swt) is very great to himself to the act of taking the souls of men and the acts of his messenger and angels are his (swt) acts because they act as per his will and they are the medium between Him (swt) and his creations. They are those for whom Allah (swt) said: Allah chooses messengers from angels and from men, so for those are from the obedient the angels of mercy take their souls, and for those men from the sinful the Angels of vengeance take their souls. And the Angel of Death has agents in the form of the angels of mercy and vengeance, for issuing the order, And their deeds to do, and all come attributed to him and their (angels of mercy and vengeance) acts are the acts of the angel of death (Malak-ul-Maut) and the act of the angel of death (Malak-ul-Maut) is the act of Allah (swt).”    [Ref: Ehtejaj-e-Tabarisi Vol:1 Pg:367]

This can be seen online at this link: http://al-shia.org/html/ara/books/?mod=hadith

For this very scenario below is what A.Khomenei says in his book Sharh-e-Arbaeen Hadees No. 30:

“The Angel of Death is in charged with taking life and his taking of life is not something like the fulfillment of prayer, and Israfil is in charged with the giving of life, which is not of the nature of a prayer answered, and these actions do not fall under invalid tafwid. In the same way, if a perfect Wali and a potent pure soul-such as the spirits of the prophets and the Awliya's are-were to have the power to annihilate and create, to cause death and give life, a power given to them by God, the Exalted, it would not be an instance of impossible tafwid and should not be considered invalid.”

This book can be seen online: http://www.al-islam.org/fortyhadith/

The Same is the case of Wilayat-e-Takwini of the AhlulBait (as). There are more similar verses of the Holy Quran in which Allah (swt) has taken the acts of Prophet Muhammad (saww) and AhlulBait (as) to be his acts details of which will come in traditions of Imam’s (as) later on.

Now with the Background of the Above aayats read the Following Hadees which is found in the letter send by Imam Az Zaman when questions were raised in Gaibat-e-Kubra about the authority of the Imam (as).  This is also a narration of Imam Ali (as).

ونحن صنائع ربنا، والخلق بعد صنائعنا

“We are the Work (Creations) of Allah and rest  of the creations are our Work".

[Ref:  Al Gaibah - Sheikh Tusi, Ahtejaj Tabrisi and Bihar ul Anwar]

See this Hadees Online: http://www.al-shia.org/html/ara/books/lib-hadis/qiba_tusi/a15.html 

So Allah (swt) the 'Best Creator - أَحْسَنَ الْخَالِقِينَ created the Best of All creations i.e. Muhammad (saww) & his Progeny (as). And the AhleBait (as) created the rest.

Alhamdulillah this Hadees is verified by not one but Many Ayahs of the Holy Quran.


More Hadees of Imam’s (as) supporting the belief of Wilayat-e-Takweeni:

Al - kafi:H , Ch. 105, h 4:

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from abu ‘Abdallah al-Razi from al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn abu Hamza from his father from abu Basir who has said the following. "Once I asked abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.), ‘Is there any Zakat on Imam?’" He said, "O abu Muhammad, you have spoken an impossible word. Do you not know that both this and the next world belong to the Imam? He can place them as he may want or give them to whoever he may want. It is permissible for him from Allah. The Imam said, O abu Muhammad, the Imam never spends a night without Allah‘s right on him for which He would not ask him."



A couple of Hadees from Al-Kaafi - The book on Oneness of Allah (Swt) - which clearly highlight the Authority vested by Allah(swt) in the Holy Ahlul Bait(as).

And some of the actions which are referred to Allah (swt) are indeed performed by the Holy Ahlul Bait (as).

As Allah (swt) says in the Holy Quran:

[وَمَا تَشَاءُونَ إِلَّا أَنْ يَشَاءَ اللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا [٧٦:٣٠

But ye will not, except as Allah wills; for Allah is full of Knowledge and Wisdom

 

Al-Kafi - H 358, Ch. 23, h6

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘a from his uncle, Hamza ibn Bazi‘a from abu ‘Abd Allah (DivineSupremeCovenantBody) who has said the following.

 "He said it about the words of Allah, ‘When they invoked Our anger, (43:54). We took revenge on them . . .’" (43:55)

"Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, does not become frustrated the way we do. But He has created friends for His-Own-self who become frustrated and at times happy. They are created. They worship (Allah). He has designed their happiness to be His Own happiness and their anger as His-Own anger. It is because He has assigned them to guide people to Him and serve as proof of His existence. For this reason such conditions belong to them. This (anger) does not reach Allah the way it reaches people. The meaning is what just mentioned. He has also said, "Whoever would humiliate My friends such people have declared war against Me with challenge." He has also said, "One who obeys the Messenger has certainly obeyed Allah.” (4:80) "Those who pledge obedience to you are, in fact, pledging obedience to Allah." "The hands of Allah are above their hands.” (48:10). All of these and other similar cases mean what I just said. The same is the case with anger and happiness and other such matters. Had it been possible for frustration and anger to reach Allah one could have said that one-day Allah would vanish altogether. It is because if anger and frustration would reach Him changes also would take place in Him and, thus, He will not remain safe from banishment. As a result, there would exist no distinction between the created and the Creator, between the Almighty and those subject to such might and power. No distinction would exist between the created and the Creator. Allah is far above such things, and is the Most High and Most Great. He is the Creator of all things not because he needed them. If it would be without the need then it would be impossible to limit Him with limits and conditions. Note this if Allah would will it to be so."

 

Al Kafi - H 363, Ch. 23, h11

 Certain persons of our people have narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Allah from ‘Abd al-Wahhab ibn Bishr from Musa ibn Qadim from Sulayman from Zurara from abu Ja‘far (DivineSupremeCovenantBody) who has said the following.

 "I asked the Imam about the meaning of the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, ‘They (children of Israel) did not wrong Us but they wronged themselves.’" (2:57)

 The Imam said, "Allah is far Great and Majestic and Mighty above being wronged. However, He has mixed up us with His Own-self. He has considered the wrong done to us as being done to Him and His Own authority as our authority as He has said, "Only Allah, His Messenger, and the true believers who are steadfast in prayer and pay alms, while they kneel during prayer, are your guardians." (5:55) It refers to the Imams from us. Allah has also said in an other passage, "They did not wrong us but wronged themselves." (2:57) Then he mentioned a similar statement."

  

Imam Muhammad Baqir(as) says:

"The one who has a pet (animal) which has Nisbat to Us, then Allah(swt) will give abundant Rizk to him and this very animal will ensure the acceptance of the his desires."

      [Ref: Rauzatal Kafi ]



The Below hadees has been quoted by Faqih-e-AhleBait (as).Sayed Ahmad Mustanabad in his book Al-Qatra Vol.1 (available online). This can also be found in Bihar Al Anwar:

Imam Ali (as) says:

My Wilayat is Allah's (swt) Wilayat.

 [Hadees above from Al Kafi says that Allah’s Authority is Imam’s Authority, hence it’s a two way affair]

My Marefat is Allah's (swt) Marefat.

The One who dies from amongst us does not actually die

انا احی و امیت باذن ربی وانا انبئكم بما تاكلون و ما تدخرون فی بیوتكم باذن ربی وانا عالم بضمائر قلوبكم و الائمة من اولادی یعلمون و یفعلون هذا اذا احبوا و ارادوا لانا كلنا واحد

I give death and live by the permission of Allah (swt). I know all that you collect in your homes and all that you have in your hears. And my sons from my progeny also know of all these. They can do all these whenever they want because we are all 1 in reality (same noor).

[Note: So now rejecting any bit of Wilayat-e-Ali (as) is like Rejecting Wilayat of Allah (swt).]

Now that Wilayat-e-Takweeni of Masoom (as) has been proved from the Quran and Hadees nothing else is required, we still provide the quotation of Ulama-e-Haq regarding Wilayat-e-Takweeni.

A.Khomenei in his book "Parwaz Dar Malakoot" says:

"Imam (as) increases the sustenance (Rizk) of whomsoever He (as) wishes and decreases the sustenance (Rizk) of whomsoever He (as) wishes."

A.Khoemeni writes about the following Ayat in his book ―Misbah ul Hadaya Ala Calipha wa Wilaya page no. 53:

aal-Imran (The Family of Imran) 20: ―Allah has warned you about His Nafs (self)

“Moula Ali (as) has all the same attributes as the Oneness of Allah, and He has full command over all of those attributes. He also has full command over the whole of creation of Allah, but He never revealed these attributes in their full detail to the people because these attributes in their full sense can only be known and seen by Allah."

A.Abul Qasim Khoi in his book "Sharh-el-Urwatul-Wuthqa" Vol.3 Pg.68 says:

"There are some people who do not believe Amir-Al-Momineen (as) and other Imam's (as) to be God but believe that the Imam's (as) are the guardians of the affairs (Wali Amr) and the workers of Allah (swt) and they are the most beloved and closest to Allah (swt) and hence give Rizq (sustenance) to the creations of Allah (swt) and also believe that it is Allah (swt) who is true sustainer (Raziq). This is similar to the case of angel of death being the one who gives death, the angel of rain sending down rainfall, Prophet Isa (as) giving life to the dead with the will/permission of Allah (swt) as has come in the Holy Quran. Having such a belief is not Kufr and is not a rejection of any essentials (belief of Shiasm)."

See online here: http://www.al-khoei.us/books/?id=513

A.Jafar Behr-ul-Uloom says:

"The Imam's (as) are the means and medium between us and Allah (swt) because we cannot directly connect with Allah (swt) and are away from Allah (swt) due to our Sins. And hence we require such representatives which along with having Human characteristics also have the characteristics of Allah (swt).       [Ref: Tohfat-ul-Aalim Vol.1 Pg.4]